A spa is a mineral water based treatment with curative power. The practice began in Greece as bathing regimens. The earliest baths date as far back as the 2nd millennium BC and were used for purifying and healing. Spartans created vapor baths by cutting into hillsides with hot springs.
Modern spa treatments also known as body or cosmetic treatments are non-medical, and aim to promote body health and relaxation. The procedures are often carried out at day spas, resorts, destination spas and beauty salons. They incorporate and offer various typical treatment options.
Therapeutic bathing is used for healing, hydrotherapy, relaxation and restoration from addiction or injury.
Hot springs are natural geothermal spas rich in mineral contents like lithium, calcium and radium. They are popular locations for rehabilitation disability clinics and tourist destinations.
Hot tubs or Jacuzzis are small or large tubs with hot water and used in hydrotherapy. Some have Jets for massage, are located outdoors and can be used by several individuals at the same time.
Mud baths are common in areas where volcanic ash and hot spring water combine. Sources and locations are lakes, saltwater seas, mud volcanoes and hot springs.
They are used for enhancing skin beauty and treating health problems. The process involves taking a deep bath in diluted mud then applying a thick coat to dry. It aids in relaxation and stress reduction.
Peat pulp baths are made from peat found in wetlands. It is an accumulation of decayed Sphagnum moss and other plants. Bogs, mires, swamp forests and fens are sources of peat. Application involves mud, suspension baths and poultices.
Saunas are small rooms designed to experience wet or dry heat with temperature risings of between 70C and 100C. Basically, saunas can be either conventional, that warm the air, or infrared that only warm objects.
Steam baths consist of pumps, pipes and heaters that contribute to the emission of hot steam. Modern types are Turkish, steam rooms or showers. They are slightly similar to saunas as they both cause sweating to hydrate the body.
These procedures involve various skin treatments. Exfoliation, steaming, extraction, lotions, creams, peels, massage and facial masks are common facial treatments in spas. They can be European, light therapy, mini facials, chemical peels or microdermabrasion.
This is a manipulation of deep and superficial connective and muscle tissues. Techniques used enhance increased function, decrease muscle activity, aid in healing, prevent motor excitability to promote general well-being.
This is a form of alternate medicine using plant substances like essential oils and aromatic elements to alter a person’s mood, mind and cognitive function. Evidence exists that some essential oils in use like tea tree, demonstrate anti-microbial results. Generally, these oils offer therapeutic possibilities.
Aromatherapy application involves aerial diffusion for disinfection and environmental fragrance. In topical application, it is used in therapeutic massage. On the other hand, direct inhalation is for respiratory decongestion, disinfection and expectoration.
Additional spa treatments include personal training, weight advice and nutritional guidance. Meditation, yoga, waxing with hot wax for body hair removal and nail care, such as pedicure and manicure are also offered.
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