As the primary fertility treatment available for couples that cannot conceive, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is popular worldwide. Approximately 1 in 7 couples will find they cannot fall pregnant after two years of trying. When this happens, they may consider the possibility of visiting a fertility clinic to find out why this is the case. If In Vitro Fertilization is deemed necessary, it may be for a number of reasons.
What is IVF and why is it used?
IVF involves taking an oocyte (egg) and sperm to fuse them outside of the body to form an embryo. Once an embryo has successfully been formed, it’s implanted in the prospective mother or her surrogate. In some cases, an egg donor is used. However, this depends on why the couple is seeking IVF.
There are a number of biological conditions relating to female anatomy that may call for IVF. This includes:
*Fallopian tube blockages
*Ovulation disorders, like PCOS
*Uterine fibroids, which become more common as a woman gets older
*Endometriosis, which can prevent implantation
*Fertility preservation used because of cancer or another condition
*Impaired sperm production
*Poor sperm function
In some cases, the woman may not be able to produce an oocyte. When this happens, clinics like Invimed recommend the use of an egg donor. In some cases, using a sperm donor is also necessary.
How successful is IVF?
IVF’s success depends on the condition prompting the couple to seek it, as well as their health. Couples can increase their chances by staying healthy, which includes abstaining from smoking and drinking, eating well, and exercising on a regular basis. Women may also want to consider taking folic acid on a daily basis, as well as transplanting more than one embryo if they are over the age of 40.
With expert guidance and a consistent approach, In Vitro Fertilization is a successful means of taking down fertility barriers.