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Everything You Need to Know About Deep Venous Thrombosis

DVT (Deep Venous Thrombosis) is one of the most dangerous venous diseases that claims many lives around the globe every year. This disease can cause blood clots in the vein and restrict blood flow.

As per the Centers For Disease Control And Preventions, DVT can cause Pulmonary Embolism (blocking a major vessel inside the lungs) in 1-2 per 1000 people. While it is more common in the leg, it may affect other parts of the body as well. .

Here’s Everything You Need to Know About Deep Venous Thrombosis:

What Is DVT?

It is a blood clot that is formed in the vein and disturbs the flow of the blood. Unlike other vein diseases like spider veins and varicose veins, this one may not involve pain but is the most dangerous one. That’s because the clot can move up to the lungs and interfere with the person’s breathing by causing Pulmonary Embolism.  

Causes Of DVT

There can be many causes of getting DVT such as:

  • Getting injured in an accident.
  • Inherited from family.
  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Surgery
  • immobility

People who tend to sit for longer time periods can also get DVT because the blood isn’t regulated fully until you walk.

How To Know If You Have DVT?

DVT comes with many symptoms. These are:

Swelling In The Legs: Blood clots can affect blood flow. In case of DVT, the blood clot is typically in the leg vein, therefore, swelling in the legs is a common thing among people who have DVT.

Aching Legs: A person suffering from DVT may or may not experience pain. It depends upon how big or small the clot is. Sometimes, if the clot is large enough, it blocks a good amount of blood from flowing through. This can trigger severe pain in the leg region and restrict a person from walking.

Burning Legs: DVT patients experience a burn whenever they walk a little.

Skin Discoloration Or Turning Red: A DVT patient will have a discolored or reddish skin around the swollen area. This is because no blood reaches in this, which causes there to be a lot of pressure on the vein.

How Can DVT Cause Pulmonary Embolism And What Are The Dangers?

Pulmonary embolism is a disease that occurs due to a blood clot and since DVT forms one or more blood clots in the vein, it may pass up in the lungs and can cause arteries in the lung to get blocked.

Pulmonary Embolism is a life threatening disease. The initial symptoms are:

  • Short of breath.
  • Pain in the chest area.
  • Increased heartbeat.
  • Terrible cough
  • High fever.

How To Treat DVT?

It can be treated via blood thinners (warfarin or heparin) or with prophylaxis (leg exercises under a doctor’s supervision).  

The Verdict

DVT is dangerous and should not be neglected at any cost. If you doubt that you are suffering from it then visit an experienced doctor to commence treatment ASAP. A good option can be, check them out.

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