There are a lot of medical specialties out there and most of the time, people find it difficult to keep track of the actual differences.
Obstetrics and Gynecologists are specialist that focuses on women’s health. Gynecology focuses on maternal care before birth, assisting in pregnancy and after treatment whilst a gynecologist is in charge of the the overall health of women, focusing on female genitalia. Both these two areas of expertise, obstetrics and gynecology, are labeled together because both of them involve extensive caring for women.
Practitioner of obstetrics and gynecology are called an OB/GYN. Many OB/GYNs are women, although you may also find a lot of male doctors who are skilled in this discipline too. The reason behind that is that obstetrics and gynecology relates to sensitive female parts, some patients choose to work with female medical professionals, especially those who are concerned concerned about decency and are shy to consult with a male doctor.
Gynecology covers a wide range of areas such as:
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Bacterial Cervical Lesions
- Bacterial Vaginosis Empiric Therapy
- Benign ovarian lesions
- Benign lesions of Vulva
- Broad Ligament Disorders
- Birth Control
- Difficult Menstruation or Dysmenorrhea
- Early pregnancy loss
- Ectopic Pregnancy
- Estrogen Therapy
- Menopause and related disorders
- Ovarian Cysts
- Ovarian Hyper stimulation Syndrome
- Lesions of the Endometrium
- Premenstrual Concerns
- Struma Ovarii
- Tumors in fallopian tube and ovary
- Vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina)
- Vulvovaginitis (inflammation of the vulva and the vagina)
Obstetrics is generally the idea that deals with:
- Breech presentation
- Inquiries concerning pregnancy
- Diagnosis of pregnancy
- Endometritis (inflammation of the Endometrium).
- Evaluation of gestation (the period in which an embryo develops
- Checking of the fetus’ weight.
- Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Severe Hyperemesis during pregnancy can cause damage to various vital organs. This may include the brain and even liver.
- Puerperium. The period that starts immediately after the birth of a child, it lasts around a month or forty days. At that time, uterus shrinks to its normal state.
- Post term pregnancy (one that extends beyond the normal three pregnancy trimesters).
- Prenatal nutrition and health (diet during pregnancy for mother and her baby)
- PUPPP) or Papules and plaques of pregnancy
- Pregnancy Risks that includes both environmental and psychological areas.
- Drug abuse in pregnant women
The majority of these physicians opt to work in an office set up or open their own private practice right after completing their post degree residency. They may also work in some public or private clinic, although some choose to be employed in a hospital setting. The hours are usually long. Based on the statistics, 43 % of physicians in all fields worked greater than 50 hours a week. This did not take into account that most physicians are “on call” most of the time, meaning they must be prepared to drop what they’re doing to treat someone in the case of an emergency.